Disarmament and International Security Committee - DISEC (UN4MUN)
The First Committee of the General Assembly of The United Nations is focused in matters of Disarmament and International Security and threats to international peace. It is a part of the six main committees in the United Nations and works in parallel with both the United Nations Disarmament Commission and the Geneva-based Conference on Disarmament. The major concern and intent of the Committee is to promote conditions and arrangements of conflict solving through lessening the levels of armaments. This year two matters of extreme significance concerning the contemporaneous society’s international prospects of security and warfare are going to be discussed.
Theme A: The employment of chemical weaponry in the context of global conflicts
Introduced to the world during the First Great War, the chemical weapons were extensively used in the following decades by the combatants in armed conflicts, due to their mass destruction power, which affects not only the individuals, physically and psychologically, but also the society as a whole. So, in this context, what can be seen nowadays is that, despite the numerous regulations made by international organizations, chemical weapons are still present in the actual wars and conflicts, as the one there is happening in Syria, for example, what shows the relevance of this topic and the importance of its discussion.
Theme B: External interventions in conflicts non-international in character
Ever since the post Cold War period, the existence of intense internal conflicts has been observed, a situation which demands attention from the international community. So, the occurrence of humanitarian interventions, peace missions and external interference has been made necessary, mostly in local conflicts.
Even if the conflict is not international, happening only inside given country, it is important to take action on an attempt to maintain or restore peace, helping nations in delicate situations of war to cross the difficult path from conflict to order. That is why the UN and many countries dedicated themselves to create the Peacekeeping division: a unique multinational partnership which brings together troops, police and the host governments besides the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Secretariat to combine efforts.
Although it is said that this joined contribution is very strong, seen that it is legitimated by the UN charter and the contributing countries that participate and provide resources, the effectiveness of those external interventions is questioned. It is still unclear if they, in fact, stop civil war and maintain peace or if the countries going through war should handle their own problems without having external interventions that might bring more suffering than peace.