4rd session 2.0

[THE GLOBE] Claims of betrayal and false promises in the Security Council makes the adopted Resolution bittersweet


Resolution adopted by the Security Council brings important safeguards to the kurdish ethnicity, but delegations still clash on substantial matters

Maria Beatriz Montanegro

Nova York, United States of America


This afternoon’s session of the UN Security Council saw the presentation of the final document relating to the Kurdish situation for the current meeting. Eventually, the Resolution was adopted in its entirety, while some nations opposed important articles.

The delegation of Turkey, as expected, displayed major concerns regarding the freedom of speech of the Kruds. The delegate noted that granting absolute freedom would hinder the Turkish policies of national security since Kurdish independence efforts are majorly propelled by the increasing voices of such minority. The delegations agreed that this specific human right was to be limited in scope as to not promote the revolutionary narrative.

Another crucial point for Turkey was the previously promised international support for its sovereignty in the case of a Kurdish “forced independence revolution”. This matter was not, according to the delegate, made clear in the document, underlining a somewhat “false promise” of the other delegations.

In response, France reaffirmed it could not provide assistance in such a way that was without a temporal and circumstantial determination. The delegate observed that, while its nation currently oppose a radical independence process of the Kurds, France was unable to assure an eventual assistance would not be granted depending on the situation, e.g. if the Turkish nation carries out further systematic human rights violations. The delegation reminded the remaining representatives that the veto power was an option to be used.

In the end, the Council did not accept the Trukish amendment to include clear international support in the case of an illegal declaration of Kurdish independence. Thus, the amendment was not included in the Resolution. As the resulting text did not guarantee such support, Turkey and Venezuela opposed the final article.

The Council’s decisions brought important measures for the Kurdish situation, especially affirming a non-discriminatory stance and propelling Middle East countries to carry out national reforms in order to domestically safeguard Kurdish interests. These provisions showcase a considerable advance of the subject. Among other clauses, the Resolution included the provision that the Council “creates policies” for access to school in Turkey for Kurdish children. Such policies, however, were not specified.

Despite some setbacks, the presence at the UN Security Council of a Kurdish delegation in the previous day was, in itself, of great significance to the overall efforts of providing and securing the rights of this ethnicity, giving such people a voice in the arguably most important body in the biggest multilateral institution of the global sphere.

(Foto: Reprodução)